Malware is an acronym created from the English words "malicious software". It means "zararlı yazılım" in Turkish.
Malware; It is the name given to malicious software that infects the computer in various ways. It is the name given to malicious software used to collect information or access special computer systems that can disrupt computer operation.
Malware can occur in the form of executable code, commands, active content, and other software. Malware is a general term used to refer to a variety of malicious, intrusive, damaging software.
Viruses, Trojans and Trojans constitute the majority of active malware threats as of 2011.
Malware is often embedded in malicious software disguised as benign software. It is sometimes used by companies that see spyware or other malicious software useful. The reason for using them is to collect information about marketing statistics and user habits.
For example; Although the "Sony rootkit" embedded in CDs sold by Sony is put with the intention of preventing illegal copying, it is known to have a structure that reports on users' listening habits.
As of 2012, about 60 percent to 70 percent of all active malware includes scams used to monetize their activities.
Types of malware
1. Computer viruses
5. Advertisement (adware)
8. Other malicious programs
This includes rootkits and other types of unwanted software.
Which computers are at risk of malware?
1. Do not use an updated virus program,
2. No operating system updates have been made,
3.Using illegal software,
4. On computers with frequent downloads,
5. There is a risk of malware on computers connected to the Internet.
How to protect yourself from malware threat?
1. Up-to-date antivirus program must be used,
2. All updates of the operating system must be installed,
3.It is absolutely necessary to take a backup of the computer,
4. Insecure 3rd party software should not be installed,
5. Illegal software should not be used,
6. The software to be installed should be scanned for viruses,
7. If the incoming links in e-mails are not trusted, they should not be clicked.