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Turkish Armed Forces





Turkish Armed Forces



Founded on: 3 May 1920 (TBMM Armies)
Symbolic Founded on: B.C 209
Service branches;
-Turkish Land Forces
-Turkish Naval Forces
-Turkish Air Force
-Turkish Gendarmerie
-Turkish Coast Guard
Headquarters: Bakanlıklar, Çankaya, Ankara, Turkey



Leadership

Commander-in-Chief: President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Minister of National Defence: Minister Hulusi Akar
Minister of Interior: Minister Süleyman Soylu
Chief of the General Staff: General Yaşar Güler



Manpower

Military age: 21
Conscription: 6 or 12 months depending on educational level
Available for military service: 21,079,077 males, age 16–49 (2010 est.), 20,558,696 females, age 16–49 (2010 est.)
Fit for military service: 17,664,510 males, age 16–49 (2010 est.), 17,340,816 females, age 16–49 (2010 est.)
Reaching military age annually: 700,079 males (2010 est.), 670,328 females (2010 est.)
Active personnel Total: 350.000 (14 June 2018) (9th)
Reserve personnel: 360.565
External Staff Population;
-Afghanistan: 1.500
-Kosovo: 380
-Bosnia and Herzegovina: 480
-Iraq: 1.030



Expenditures

Budget: US$17.8 billion(2018) (ranked 15th)
Percent of GDP: 2.2%(2017)



Industry

Domestic suppliers;
-MKEK
-ASELSAN
-BMC
-FNSS
-GIRSAN
-TISAS
-Havelsan
-Transvaro
-TAI
-Otokar
-Roketsan
-TÜBİTAK
-Gölcük Naval Shipyard




Foreign suppliers;

-United States
-South Korea
-Germany
-United Kingdom
-Russia
-France
-Ukraine
-Israel
-China
-Australia
-India
-Canada

Annual imports: $1,540 million (2014)
Annual exports: $2,350 million (2018)



Special forces;

Maroon Berets
-MAK
-AKİP
-SAT
-SAS
-JÖAK
-JÖH
-DAGOT
-DEGAK




Turkish Armed Forces (TAF; Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri, TSK) are the military forces of the Republic of Turkey. They consist of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. The Gendarmerie and the

Coast Guard, both of which have law enforcement and military functions, operate as components of the internal security forces in peacetime, and are subordinate to the Ministry of Interior. In wartime, they are

subordinate to the Army and Navy. The President of Turkey is the military's overall head. Turkey, NATO's 4th largest army after the United States.

The current Chief of the General staff is General Yaşar Güler. The Chief of the General Staff is the Commander of the Armed Forces. In wartime, he acts as the Commander in Chief on behalf of the President of

Turkey, who represents the Supreme Military Command of the TAF on behalf of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. Commanding the Armed Forces and establishing the policies and programs related with the

preparation for combat of personnel, intelligence, operations, organization, training and logistic services are the responsibilities of the General Staff. Furthermore, the General Staff coordinates the military relations

of the TAF with NATO member states and other friendly nations.

The modern history of the army began with its formation after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish military perceived itself as the guardian of Kemalist ideology, the official state ideology, especially of

the secular aspects of Kemalism. After becoming a member of NATO on 18 February 1952, Turkey initiated a comprehensive modernization program for its armed forces. The Turkish Army sent troops to fight in

Korea, where they played pivotal roles at some points. Towards the end of the 1980s, a second restructuring process was initiated. The Turkish Armed Forces participate in European Union battlegroups under the

control of the European Council, namely the Italian-Romanian-Turkish Battlegroup. The TAF also contributes operational staff to the Eurocorps multinational army corps initiative of the EU and NATO.

The Turkish Armed Forces collectively rank as the second largest standing military force in NATO, after the U.S. Armed Forces, with an estimated strength in 2015 of 639,551 military, civilian and paramilitary

personnel. Turkey is one of five NATO member states which are part of the nuclear sharing policy of the alliance, together with Belgium, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands. A total of 90 B61 nuclear bombs are

hosted at the Incirlik Air Base, 40 of which are allocated for use by the Turkish Air Force in case of a nuclear conflict, but their use requires the approval of NATO.




History

War of Independence

After the end of World War I, many Ottoman military personnel escaped from Rumelia to Anatolia in order to take part in the national movement. During the War of Independence, on 3 May 1920,

Birinci Ferik Mustafa Fevzi Pasha (Çakmak) was appointed the Minister of National Defence, Mirliva İsmet Pasha (İnönü) was appointed the Minister of the Chief of General Staff of the government of the Grand

National Assembly (GNA). But on 3 August 1921, the GNA resigned İsmet Pasha from the Minister of National Defence because of his failure at Eskişehir-Kütahya and on 5 August, just before the Battle of Sakarya,

appointed the chairman of GNA Mustafa Kemal Pasha (Atatürk) to the commander-in-chief of the Army of the GNA. Turkey won the War of Independence in 1922.




World War II

Turkey remained neutral until the final stages of World War II. In the initial stage of World War II, Turkey signed a treaty of mutual assistance with Great Britain and France. But after the fall of

France, the Turkish government tried to maintain an equal distance with both the Allies and the Axis. Following Germany's occupation of the Balkan states, upon which the Axis became neighbours with Turkey in

Thrace and the eastern islands of the Aegean Sea, Turkey signed a Treaty of Friendship and Non-Aggression with Germany on 18 June 1941.

After the German-Soviet War broke out, the Turkish government sent a military delegation of observers under Lieutenant General Ali Fuat Erden to the German Eastern Front and Germany. After the German retreat

from the Caucasus, the Turkish government got closer with the Allies and Winston Churchill secretly met with İsmet İnönü at Yenice Train Station, south Turkey on 30 January 1943, with the intent of persuading

Turkey to join the war on the side of the Allies. A few days before the start of Operation Zitadelle in July 1943, the Turkish government sent a military delegation under General Cemil Cahit Toydemir to Belgorod and

observed the exercises of the 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion and its equipment. But after the failure of Operation Zitadelle, the Turkish government participated in the Second Cairo Conference in December 1943,

where Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and İsmet İnönü reached an agreement on issues regarding Turkey's possible contribution to the Allies. On 23 February 1945, Turkey joined the Allies by declaring war

against Germany and Japan, after it was announced at the Yalta Conference that only the states which were formally at war with Germany and Japan by 1 March 1945 would be admitted to the United Nations.





Korean War

Turkey participated in the Korean War as a member state of the United Nations and sent the Turkish Brigade to South Korea, which suffered 731 losses in combat. On 18 February 1952, Turkey

became a member of NATO. The Korean government donated a war memorial for the Turkish soldiers who fought and died in Korea. The Korean pagoda is in Ankara and it was donated in 1973 for the 50th

anniversary of the Turkish Republic.




Cyprus

On 20 July 1974, the TAF launched an amphibious and airborne assault operation on Cyprus, in response to the 1974 Cypriot coup d'état which had been staged by EOKA-B and the Cypriot National

Guard against president Makarios III with the intention of annexing the island to Greece; but the military intervention ended up with Turkey occupying a considerable area on the northern part of Cyprus and helping

to establish a local government of Turkish Cypriots there, which has thus far been recognized only by Turkey. The intervention came after more than a decade of intercommunal violence (1963–1974) between the

island's Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, resulting from the constitutional breakdown of 1963. Turkey invoked its role as a guarantor under the Treaty of Guarantee in justification for the military intervention.

Turkish forces landed on the island in two waves, securing 37% of the island's territory in the northeast for the Turkish Cypriots, who had been isolated in small enclaves across the island prior to the military

intervention.

In the aftermath, the Turkish Cypriots declared a separate political entity in the form of the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus in 1975; and in 1983 made a unilateral declaration of independence as the Turkish

Republic of Northern Cyprus, which was recognized only by Turkey. The United Nations continues to recognize the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus according to the terms of its independence in 1960. The

conflict continues to overshadow Turkish relations with Greece and with the European Union. In 2004, during the referendum for the Annan Plan for Cyprus (a United Nations proposal to resolve the Cyprus dispute)

76% of the Greek Cypriots rejected the proposal, while 65% of the Turkish Cypriots accepted it.




Kurdish–Turkish conflict

The TAF are in a protracted campaign against the PKK (recognized as a terrorist organization by the United States, the European Union and NATO) which has involved frequent forays into

neighbouring Iraq. Abdullah Öcalan, the leader of the PKK was arrested in 1999 in Nairobi and taken to Turkey. In 2015, the PKK cancelled their 2013 ceasefire after tension due to various events.




War in Bosnia and Kosovo

Turkey contributed troops in several NATO-led peace forces in Bosnia and Kosovo. Currently there are 402 Turkish troops in Kosovo Force.




War in Afghanistan

After the 2003 Istanbul Bombings were linked to Al-Qaeda, Turkey deployed troops to Afghanistan to fight Taliban forces and Al-Qaeda operatives, with the hopes of dismantling both groups.

Turkey's responsibilities include providing security in Kabul (it currently leads Regional Command Capital), as well as in Wardak Province, where it leads PRT Maidan Shahr. Turkey was once the third largest

contingent within the International Security Assistance Force. Turkey's troops are not engaged in combat operations and Ankara has long resisted pressure from Washington to offer more combat troops. According

to the Washington Post, in December 2009, after US President Barack Obama announced he would deploy 30,000 more U.S. soldiers, and that Washington wants others to follow suit, Turkish Prime Minister Recep

Tayyip Erdoğan reacted with the message that Turkey would not contribute additional troops to Afghanistan. "Turkey has already done what it can do by boosting its contingent of soldiers there to 1,750 from

around 700 without being asked", said Erdoğan, who stressed that Turkey would continue its training of Afghan security forces.




Humanitarian relief

The TAF have performed "Disaster Relief Operations," as in the 1999 İzmit earthquake in the Marmara Region of Turkey. Apart from contributing to NATO, the Turkish Navy also contributes to the

Black Sea Naval Co-operation Task Group, which was created in early 2001 by Turkey, Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia and Ukraine for search and rescue and other humanitarian operations in the Black Sea.





Today

According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), in 2010 the Turkish Armed Forces had an active strength of around 510,000 personnel. In addition, it was estimated that there

were 378,700 reserve personnel and 152,200 paramilitary personnel (Turkish Gendarmerie and Turkish Coast Guard), giving a combined active and reserve strength of around 1,041,900 personnel. In 2010, the defence

budget amounted to 26 billion liras. The Law on the Court of Accounts was supposed to initiate external ex-post audits of armed forces' expenditure and pave the way for audits of extra budgetary resources

earmarked for the defence sector, including the Defence Industry Support Fund. However, the Ministry of Defense has not provided the necessary information, so the armed forces expenditure is not being properly

checked.

In 1998, Turkey announced a programme of modernisation worth US$160 billion over a twenty-year period in various projects including tanks, fighter jets, helicopters, submarines, warships and assault rifles. Turkey

is a Level 3 contributor to the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) programme. The final goal of Turkey is to produce new-generation indigenous military equipment and to become increasingly self-sufficient in terms of

military technologies.

Havelsan of Turkey and Boeing of the United States are in the process of developing a next-generation, high-altitude ballistic missile defence shield. Turkey has chosen the Chinese defense firm CPMIEC to co-

produce a $4 billion long-range air and missile system.




General staff figures
History - General/Admiral - Officer - Total (incl. civilian)


2011 - 365 - 39,975 - 666,576
2013 - 347 - 39,451 - 647,583
2014 - 343 - 38,971 - 623,101




General Staff


Command center of Turkish Armed Forces General Staff

The General Staff of the Republic of Turkey presides over the Armed Forces of the Republic of Turkey, comprising the Army, Navy and Air Force. The General Command of the Gendarmerie and the

Coast Guard, which operate as parts of the internal security forces in peacetime, are subordinate to the Army and Navy Commands, respectively, in wartime, and both have law enforcement and military functions.

Also, the General Staff is in command of the Special Forces, which is not aligned to any force command within the TAF. The Maroon Berets get their orders directly from the General Staff of the Republic of Turkey.





Land Forces


Emblem of the Turkish Land Forces

Selimiye Barracks (1828) in Istanbul is the headquarters of the First Army of the Turkish Land Forces.
The Turkish Land Forces, or Turkish Army, can trace its origins in the remnants of Ottoman forces during the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I. When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues

formed the Grand National Assembly (GNA) in Ankara on 23 April 1921, the XV Corps under the command of Kâzım Karabekir was the only corps which had any combat value. On 8 November 1920, the GNA decided

to establish a standing army instead of irregular troops (the Kuva-yi Milliye, Kuva-yi Seyyare, etc.) The army of the government of the GNA won the Turkish War of Independence in 1922.

As of 2006, the Turkish Army had 1,300 troops deployed in northern Iraq, according to muniments released as part of the United States diplomatic cables leak. The Turkish Army also maintains around 17,500 troops

in Northern Cyprus, as part of the Cyprus Turkish Peace Force.




Naval Forces


Emblem of the Turkish Naval Forces

Gölcük Naval Base of the Turkish Naval Forces in the Sea of Marmara.
The Turkish Naval Forces, or Turkish Navy, constitutes the naval warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. The Turkish Navy maintains several Marines and Special Operations units. The Amphibious

Marines Brigade (Amfibi Deniz Piyade Tugayı) based in Foça near İzmir consists of 4,500 men, three amphibious battalions, an MBT battalion, an artillery battalion, a support battalion and other company-sized units.

The Su Altı Taarruz (S.A.T. – Underwater Attack) is dedicated to missions including the acquisition of military intelligence, amphibious assault, counter-terrorism and VIP protection; while the Su Altı Savunma (S.A.S.

– Underwater Defense) is dedicated to coastal defense operations (such as clearing mines or unexploded torpedoes) and disabling enemy vessels or weapons with underwater operations; as well as counter-terrorism

and VIP protection missions




Air Force


Emblem of the Turkish Air Force

The Turkish Air Force is the aerial warfare service branch of the Turkish Armed Forces. It is primarily responsible for the protection and sovereignty of Turkish airspace but also provides air-power to

the other service branches. Turkey is one of five NATO member states which are part of the nuclear sharing policy of the alliance, together with Belgium, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands. A total of 90 B61

nuclear bombs are hosted at the Incirlik Air Base, 40 of which are allocated for use by the Turkish Air Force in case of a nuclear conflict, but their use requires the approval of NATO.

The Air Force took part in the Operation Deliberate Force of 1995 and Operation Allied Force of 1999, and later participated in the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina, employing two

squadrons (one in the Ghedi fighter wing, and after 2000 one in the Aviano fighter wing.) They returned to Turkey in 2001. In 2006, 4 Turkish F-16 fighter jets were deployed for NATO's Baltic Air Policing operation.





Gendarmerie


Emblem of the Turkish Gendarmerie

The Gendarmerie General Command, or Turkish Gendarmerie, is responsible for maintaining law and order in rural areas which do not fall under the jurisdiction of regular police forces. The

Gendarmerie has around 200,000 active personnel. The Jandarma Özel Harekat (Gendarmerie Special Operations Command) units of the Turkish Gendarmerie are trained for riot control, urban warfare and counter-

terrorism warfare. The Turkish Coast Guard is responsible for maintaining law and order in the Turkish territorial waters. It has around 2,200 active personnel. It is responsible to the Interior Ministry during

peacetime. In peacetime, the Grendarmerie and the Coast Guard fall under the control of the Ministry of the Interior, not the Turkish Armed Forces.




Coast Guard


Emblem of the Turkish Coast Guard

The Turkish Coast Guard is a branch of the Turkish Armed Forces and was established in 1859. Affiliated with the Guarding Administration the Coast Guard is responsible for controlling the

maritime jurisdiction areas and coasts of Turkey and fighting all kinds of illegal actions within its area of responsibility. The Turkish Coast Guard is also the main Search and Rescue Coordination Authority in the

Turkish SAR Zone. During peacetime, it is under the command of the Turkish Interior Ministry. However, during emergency and war time it falls under the command of the Turkish Navy.




Role of the military in Turkish politics

After the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk prohibited the political activities of officers in active service with the Military Penal Code numbered 1632 and dated 22 May

1930 (Military Penal Code). However, after the coups d'état in 1960, the Millî Birlik Komitesi (National Unity Committee) established the Inner Service Act of the Turkish Armed Forces on 4 January 1961 to legitimize

their military interventions in politics. In subsequent coup d'états and coup d'état attempts, they showed reasons to justify their political activities especially with the article 35 and 85 of this act.

The Turkish military perceived itself as the guardian of Kemalist ideology, the official state ideology, especially of the secular aspects of Kemalism[citation needed]. The TAF still maintains an important degree of

influence over the decision making process regarding issues related to Turkish national security, albeit decreased in the past decades, via the National Security Council.

The military had a record of intervening in politics, removing elected governments four times in the past. Indeed, it assumed power for several periods in the latter half of the 20th century. It executed three coups

d'état: in 1960 (May 27 coup), in 1971 (March 12 coup), and in 1980 (September 12 coup). Following the 1960 coup d'état, the military executed the first democratically elected prime minister in Turkey, Adnan

Menderes, in 1961. Most recently, it maneuvered the removal of an Islamist prime minister, Necmettin Erbakan, in 1997 (known as the February 28 memorandum). Contrary to outsider expectations, the Turkish

populace was not uniformly averse to coups; many welcomed the ejection of governments they perceived as unconstitutional.

On 27 April 2007, in advance of the 4 November 2007 presidential election, and in reaction to the politics of Abdullah Gül, who has a past record of involvement in Islamist political movements and banned Islamist

parties such as the Welfare Party, the army issued a statement of its interests. It said that the army is a party to "arguments" regarding secularism; that Islamism ran counter to the secular nature of Turkey, and to

the legacy of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. The Army's statement ended with a clear warning that the TAF stood ready to intervene if the secular nature of the Turkish Constitution is compromised, stating that "the

Turkish Armed Forces maintain their sound determination to carry out their duties stemming from laws to protect the unchangeable characteristics of the Republic of Turkey. Their loyalty to this determination is

absolute."

Over a hundred people, including several generals, have been detained or questioned since July 2008 with respect to so-called organisation Ergenekon, an alleged clandestine, ultra-nationalist organization with ties

to members of the country's military and security forces. The group is accused of terrorism in Turkey. These accusing claims are reported, even while the trials are going on, mostly in the counter-secular and Islamist

media organs.

On 22 February 2010 more than 40 officers were arrested and then formally charged with attempting to overthrow the government with respect to so-called "Sledgehammer" plot. They include four admirals, a

general and two colonels, some of them retired, including former commanders of the Turkish navy and air force (three days later, the former commanders of the navy and air force were released). Partially as a result,

the Washington Post reported in April 2010 that the military's power had decreased.

On the eve of the Supreme Military Council of August 2011, the Chief of the General Staff, along with the Army, Navy, and Air Force commanders, requested their retirement, in protest of the mass arrests which they

perceived as a deliberate and planned attack against the Kemalist and secular-minded officers of the Turkish Armed Forces by the Islamists in Turkey, who began to control key positions in the Turkish government,

judiciary and police. The swift replacement of the force commanders in the Supreme Military Council meeting affirmed the government's control over the appointment of top-level commanders. However,

promotions continue to be determined by the General Staff with limited civilian control. The European Commission, in its 2011 regular yearly report on Turkey's progress towards EU accession, stated that "further

reforms on the composition and powers of the Supreme Military Council, particularly on the legal basis of promotions, still need to materialise." The service branch commanders continue to report to the Prime

Minister instead of the Defence Minister.

In July 2016, various factions of the Turkish Armed Forces attempted to take over the government, but Erdogan supporters stopped the coup attempt. Many lives were lost and hundreds were injured. Thousands of

military personnel have been arrested and structure of the armed forces has been overhauled.




Turkish Armed Forces Ranks

Turkish Land Forces Ranks





Turkish Air Forces Ranks





Turkish Naval Forces Ranks





Medals and awards



Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Honor

Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Honor (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri Şeref Madalyası) is the highest medal that can be bestowed upon an individual by the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) and was

first created on July 27, 1967.


Criteria

During wartime, it is bestowed on individuals who, even though having prepared the conditions of, or having contributed to, success in battle thanks to their actions and behaviour, but whose valor

might not be compensated simply by the State War Medal.

During peacetime, it is bestowed upon the Commanders of the Turkish Army, the Turkish Navy, the Turkish Air Force and the Turkish Gendarmerie who have successfully completed at least a year in their posts.

The medal can be given to civilians or soldiers, regardless of nationality. Its bestowment is proposed and approved by any of the four Commanders mentioned above.






Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Distinguished Service

Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Distinguished Service (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri Üstün Hizmet Madalyası) was first created on July 27, 1967 and took its current form on July 29, 1983.

Criteria

During war or peace, it is bestowed upon individuals whose contributions to the strengthening of the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) have been extraordinarily high. In other words, it is awarded to

any individual that has served national interests with exemplary determination and has contributed greatly to the prestige and strength of the TAF. This encompasses any military, scientific, material or

administrative contribution, in or outside the territory of the Republic of Turkey, that has been greater than any of that person's predecessors thanks to his/her great courage and self-sacrifice.

The medal can be given to civilians or soldiers, regardless of nationality. Its bestowment is proposed by any of the Commanders of the four branches of the TAF, namely the Army, the Navy, the Air Force or the

Gendarmerie (with the exception of the Commander of the fifth branch, the Coast Guard). The outcome of any proposition depends on the approval of the Chief of the General Staff.






Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Distinguished Courage and Self-Sacrifice

Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Distinguished Courage and Self-Sacrifice[citation needed] (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri Üstün Cesaret ve Feragat Madalyası) is one of the highest medals that can

be bestowed upon an individual by the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) and was created on July 3, 1975.


Criteria

During war or peace, it is bestowed on individuals or regiments who have accomplished their missions with great courage and self-sacrifice while risking their lives.

The medal can be given to civilians or soldiers, regardless of nationality. Its bestowment is proposed by either the Deputy Minister for National Defense or by any of the Commanders of the four branches of the TAF,

namely the Army, the Navy, the Air Force or the Gendarmerie (with the exception of the Commander of the fifth branch, the Coast Guard). The outcome of any proposition depends on the approval of the Chief of

the General Staff.






Turkish Armed Forces Ministration Commendation Medal

The Turkish Armed Forces Ministration Commendation Medal is the medal given to the successful staff of the Turkish Armed Forces since 1967 . In war and peace, they are given to Turkish and

foreign soldiers who are wounded by the cause and effect of the task while performing their duty with superior diligence and which are the occasion for the Turkish Armed Forces.


Criteria

In war and peace, to perform the task with great effort, the cause of the task and the impact and pride for the Turkish Armed Forces to be the occasion.





Turkish Armed Forces Achievement Medal

The Medal of Achievement of the Turkish Armed Forces is the medal given to the successful staff of the Turkish Armed Forces since 1967 . They are given to those who have shown exceptional

success in the making of important missions, and those who are above their achievements in peace when they are successful.


Criteria

To be show extraordinary success in important missions of war.





Turkish Armed Forces Medal of Merit

The Medal of Achievement of the Turkish Armed Forces is the medal given to the successful staff of the Turkish Armed Forces since 1967 .
Those who show merit in achieving important tasks for the Turkish Armed Forces are given to those who have ensured the development of friendly relations between the Turkish Armed Forces and the armed forces

of the Turkish Armed Forces.


Criteria

To show merit in the accomplishment of important tasks for the Turkish Armed Forces, to develop friendly relations between the Turkish Armed Forces and the armed forces of the Turkish Armed

Forces.






Turkish Armed Forces Honorary Order

Turkish Armed Forces Order of Honor Since 1967 , the Turkish Armed Forces ' staff has given their personal attention. The success of the Turkish Armed Forces is given to those who pass the great

services for their sake.


Criteria

The success of the Turkish Armed Forces, to pass the great services for the sake of its advance.





The Order of Merit of the Turkish Armed Forces

The Order of Merit of the Turkish Armed Forces has been the award given to the successful staff of the Turkish Armed Forces since 1967. Those who show merit in achieving important tasks for the

Turkish Armed Forces are given to those who have ensured the development of friendly relations between the Turkish Armed Forces and the armed forces of the Turkish Armed Forces.


Criteria

To show merit in the accomplishment of important tasks for the Turkish Armed Forces, to develop friendly relations between the Turkish Armed Forces and the armed forces of the Turkish Armed

Forces.




War Recognition

War Citation , Turkish Armed Forces Chief of Staff's recommendation on National Defense Minister and Prime Minister of Turkey 's to be signed and the President of Turkey ' s the people who

deserve not receive the this commendation pursuant to decree that approves Turkish Armed Forces is attached by people to chief of staff or commissioned. War Medal of the Turkish Armed Forces is also presented

to those who receive War Recognition.


Criteria

Life at the expense of Turkey , or to fight in favor of the peers according to the show to exhibit outstanding achievement and superior attitude or behavior or disciplined during the war.

Turkish Armed Forces Inventory



Service Pistols;
-Yavuz 16 (Beretta 92)
-Kılınç 2000 (Cz 75)
-SIG P226/P229
-Glock 17/19
-Canik TP9






Submachine Guns;
-HK MP5A2/A3/SD/K
-MG3
-IMI Mini Uzi
-FN P90






Attack Rifles;

-HK G3A3/A4
-HK33E
-HK G41
-HK416A5
-AK-47/AKM
-Colt M4A1
-Colt M16A1/A2
-IWI TAR-21 Tavor
-IWI Galil MAR
-MPT-76






Machine Guns;

-MG3
-FN Minimi 7.62 TR
-FN Minimi Mk.I/II
-FN MAG 58
-PKM
-HK23E
-HK MG4






Sniper Rifles;

-SVD/PSL-54C
-KAC M110 SASS
-KAC SR-25
-ArmaLite M15A4(T)
-HK G28
-MKEK JNG-90
-Accuracy L115 AWMF
-Accuarcy L96A1 AWF
-Cheytac M200
-Robar RC-50
-McMillan TAC-50
-Barrett M107
-Barrett M95






Anti-Tank Weapons;

-M72 LAW
-RPG-7
-MBDA ERYX
-MBDA MILAN
-BGM-71 TOW
-AT-14 Kornet-E






Heavy Machine Guns and Automatic Bomb Ramps;

-M2HB Browning
-M134 Minigun
-AGS-17
-Mk 19






Main Battle Tanks;

-Leopard 2A4
-M60T1 Sabra-Fırat
-Leopard 1T
-Leopard 1A3
-M60A3TTS Patton
-M48A5T2 Patton






Armored Personnel Carriers and Armored Fighting Vehicles;

-ACV-300 IFV
-ACV-300 APC
-M113A2T2
-Otokar ARMA 6x6
-BMC Kirpi MRAP
-Otokar Cobra
-Otokar Cobra II
-Otokar Ural
-Otokar APC
-Otokar Akrep
-Nurol Ejder Yalçın






Armored Rescue Vehicles;

-M48T5 Tamay
-M88A2 Hercules






Armored Mobile Bridge Vehicles;

-Leopard 1TR
-M48A5 Leugan




Armored Amphibious Engineering and Bridge Vehicles;

-FNSS AZMIM
-FNSS SHYK






Howitzers;

-T-155 Fırtına
-M52T
-M44T
-M110A2






Towed Howitzers;

-T-155 Panter
-M114A1/A2
-M101A1
-M116 pack
-M115 Long Tom






Multiple Rocket Ramps;

-M270 MLRS
-TR-300 Kasırga
-TR-122 Sakarya
-TR-107 Anadolu






Ballistic Missile Systems;

-J600 TI Yıldırım
-Bora






Attack Helicopters;

-T-129A/B ATAK
-AH-1W Super Cobra
-AH-1P Cobra






Service Helicopters;

-CH-47F Chinook
-UH-60 Blackhawk
-UH-1H 2020 ASAM
-AS532 Cougar
-Mi-17 Hip-H






Marine Patrol Helicopters;

-S-70B Seahawk
-AB-212 ASW
-AB-412EP






Battle Jets;

-F-16C/D Fighting Falcon
-F-4E 2020 Terminator






AEW&C Aircrafts;

-E-7T Peace Eagle





Tanker Aircrafts;




-KC-135R Stratotanker



Cargo Aircrafts;

-A400M ATLAS
-C-130B/E Hercules
-C-160 Transal
-CASA CN-235






Marine Patrol Aircrafts;

-CN-235 MPA
-ATR-72 MPA






Air Defense Systems;

-FIM-92 Stinger
-Aselsan Atılgan
-Aselsan Zıpkın
-Rapier MkII
-I-Hawk






Frigates;

-G Class
-MEKO 200 TNI
-MEKO 200 TNIIA/B






Amphibious Attack Ships;

-Bayraktar Class LST
-Gazi Class LST
-Bey Class LST
-ADIK LCT
-LCM
-LCU




Corvets;

-Ada Class
-Burak Class




Attack Boats;

-Kılıç I/II Class
-Rüzgar Class
-Yıldız Class
-Doğan Class




Patrol Boats;

-Tuzla Class





Submarines;

-Type 209 1400
-Type 209 1200






Mine Ships;

-Engin Class
-Aydın Class
-Seydi Class
-Felenk Class







___________________________________________

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